Are you thinking of buying a car in another EU country and bringing it to Spain? Or maybe you want to sell your Spanish car and export it to another European country? In this article we explain the steps you need to follow to register a vehicle from the EU in Spain, as well as the requirements and taxes you need to pay.
Registering a vehicle from the EU in Spain
If you are a citizen of the European Union and are only passing through our country, you do not need to take any special steps to be able to drive your vehicle. However, if you are a resident in our country, you will have to register your vehicle with a foreign number plate in Spain. Registration is compulsory as long as the owner of the vehicle is a national resident. You have a period of one month from the date you become a resident to register your vehicle with Spanish plates.
Steps For Spain Vehicle Registration
Anyone who wants to transfer his or her usual vehicle from another country must follow the following 3 steps for registration:
- Go to an ITV (technical vehicle inspection) station with the vehicle and the documentation from the country of origin. The ITV station will physically check both the vehicle and the documentation, and if everything is correct, it will generate the corresponding vehicle data sheet in Spanish format.
- Pay the taxes related to the registration of the vehicle and obtain the corresponding payment receipts: Road Tax with the town hall where you live and Registration Tax with the Tax Agency (AEAT), except in the case of trailers.
- Request the documentation obtained in the previous steps from the Dirección General de Tráfico (DGT), together with the registration application and your identity and residence documents. After reviewing all this documentation, the DGT will proceed to register the vehicle and issue the vehicle registration certificate.
If for some reason you do not have time to complete the registration process within one month, you can apply to the DGT for temporary registration of your vehicle. With this procedure you will receive provisional green plates with which you will be able to drive your vehicle for 2 months (extendable) while you complete the definitive registration process.
Exporting a Spanish Vehicle to an EU Country
If you want to sell your Spanish car and export it to another European country, you should bear in mind the following:
- You must notify the DGT of the sale of the vehicle by means of the corresponding contract or invoice.
- You must apply to the DGT for a temporary deregistration for transfer to another country, presenting proof of payment or exemption from Value Added Tax (VAT) in the country of destination.
- You must contact the competent body in the country to which you are taking the vehicle in order to complete the necessary formalities for importing and registering it.
We hope this article has been useful for you to learn about the steps you must follow to register or export a vehicle coming from or destined for another EU country. Remember that if you have any doubts or queries, you can contact us or visit our website.
Summary Of Spain Vehicle Registration
Here is an information text on vehicle registration in Spain:
- If you want to bring a new or used vehicle from another European Union (EU) country to Spain, you should bear in mind the following:
- You must keep the original documents of the vehicle.
- You must have a document proving ownership of the vehicle. For used vehicles, the document confirming the sale of the vehicle: if it is a sale between private individuals, the contract of sale accompanied by a translation. If you buy the vehicle from a dealer, whether in Spain or abroad, an invoice showing the VAT number.
- It is essential that you contact the competent body in the vehicle’s country of origin to make the necessary arrangements for the vehicle to be exported.
- After purchasing the vehicle and transporting it to Spain, you must begin the process of importing the vehicle. There are no special vehicle registration conditions for students from other EU countries, second home owners from other EU countries or cross-border travellers.
- To register your vehicle in Spain, you must follow the steps below:
- Step 1: Obtain the Ficha Técnica del Vehículo (ITV) in Spanish format. You must take your vehicle to an ITV station for a physical inspection. You must bring the following documents to the ITV station: the registration certificate from the country of origin, the Certificate of Conformity (CoC), the purchase contract or the invoice if you are not the owner of the vehicle that appears on the registration certificate. The ITV station will issue and deliver the Ficha Técnica del Vehículo in Spanish format. If the vehicle was not up to date with the ITV, it must pass the corresponding technical inspection.
- Step 2: Payment of taxes. The citizen must declare and pay the taxes related to the import and registration of the vehicle:
- Proof of payment for the transfer and import of the vehicle with the Spanish Tax Agency.
- Proof of payment / exemption / not subject to registration tax payable to the State Tax Administration Agency (AEAT), except in the case of trailers.
- Proof of payment or exemption from the Tax on Mechanical Traction Vehicles (Impuesto sobre Vehículos de Tracción Mecánica) which is paid to the municipality where you live. This tax is linked to the power of the vehicle and is paid once a year. Ask your local council how to pay it and the amount. It is important that you keep the proof of payment of the tax.
- Step 3: Apply to the Dirección General de Tráfico (DGT) for the vehicle registration and registration certificate. You can register your vehicle online in the electronic registry of the DGT or in person by handing in all the documentation at any provincial headquarters (of the DGT).
- If for any reason you do not have time to complete the registration process within one month, you can apply to the DGT for temporary registration of your vehicle. With this procedure you will receive provisional green plates with which you will be able to drive your vehicle for 2 months (extendable) while you complete the definitive registration process.